The statistics of the World health organization shows that only the parasites of the digestive system infected with not less than one-fourth of the population of the entire world. Parasitic diseases, often a lot of time escapes without being bright symptoms. Worms in humans, in addition to negative health effects, cause a reduction in work capacity, aggravation of chronic diseases, decreased immunity.
The main types of worms that are parasites in the human body
The leader among the parasitic diseases, diseases believe helminthiasis. Scientists have found that their number reached 342 species. In 80% of cases of this pathology suffer the children, and not adults. It is more common Enterobius (its cause pinworms), ascaris (pathogen – roundworm), the genus meloidogyne. It is rarely diagnosed opisthorchiasis (siberian fluke), echinococcosis (Echinococcus, toxocariasis (oxocara mystax) and Dr.
Round worm or hookworm – type primary-abdominal worms, many species can parasite in the body of a person. They have slender cylindrical body, sharp on the edges (in cross-section is round), and in the length range from 30 to 40 cm. Ancilostomídeos reproduce sexually way, use a range of forms of penetration in the body. Depending on the biodiversity, the cycle of development, ways of distribution, all the worms are classified into 3 groups:
- (the man is infected with the through utensils, shaking hands);
- geohelminthes (directly from the development cycle, middleware, master, here, control of vectors advocate for the animals, but to become dangerous to human beings, the eggs should continue the development cycle in the soil);
- bioelement (the causal agent of the disease continues its genesis in another master, after leaving the body of the person, and then, again, highlights the eggs in the water, soil).
Representatives of a class of worms, or nematodes in all 3 groups. Knowledge of the paths of invasion (infection) and the characteristics of the development cycle of these parasites common give you the opportunity to maximum protect from the dangers.
The roundworm – roundworms group geohelminthes, use the human body as a host. They have the body cylindrical, white, pink, can reach a length of 30-40 cm. Parasites to surprise the lungs, the liver, the intestine (most often), sometimes, cause the development of complications – jaundice, purulent pancreatitis, intestinal obstruction, peritonitis. The roundworm enters the body through contaminated water, wash vegetables, fruits.
This pin helminth calls Enterobius. Pinworms are oblong body color white, length reach 2-10 mm. In the front part of the body are muscular organelles for attachment to the walls of the intestine. More often than helminthiasis is common in children, because of the frequent non-observance of rules of hygiene, as well as the main route of transmission – wash hands.
The genus meloidogyne is one of the most common geohelminthes, call trichocephalosis. The parasite has a body thickened with the back of length up to 5 cm. the Infection occurs through eating unwashed vegetables, fruits, water infected. More often than trichuris are located in the area of department of the large intestine. Sometimes there are complications – appendicitis, anemia. How are worms in human can be seen on the network, through a research theme, images, videos, specialized in literature.
The tape worms are related to a class of parasitic flat worms (cestóides). The parasites have Slow-especially to the body, split in the head, neck and trunk, which is one of the segments. After the maturation, and the branch segments with eggs in their place come new. Length of cestóides can reach 28 m.
The pork tapeworm
The pork tapeworm or tapeworm causes such parasitic diseases such as taeniasis, cysticercosis. Adult an individual has Slow-especially to the body, can reach a length of 2-3 m. the Number of segments, often reaches a few hundreds. More often than a parasite is located in the small intestine, but the larvae (cysticerci) can hurt the skeletal system, muscle tissue, subcutaneous adipose, damage seriously the brain and the eyes. The man is infected through washing hands, vegetables and larvae – through of raw meat.
Tape worm-bioelement characterized Slow-a body with a length of up to 5 m. best a serious risk present larvae Echinococcusa, cause echinococcosis. Most of the time they affect the liver, muscles, lungs, bones. After infection, Finn – stage larval Echinococcusa, located in the muscle of the animal, occurs the development of Echinococcusovogo of the bubble, with time, it fills with products of an exchange of the parasite, increasingly poisoning the body. The finns are not transmitted, and die along with the person.
The symptoms of intestinal worms in adults: at different stages, the symptoms in the function of an organ.
Parasitic diseases have a wide range of characteristic symptoms, which are often similar with manifestations of long diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
The lack of clear picture symptomatology, chronic during helmintíasea with the slow defeat the functions of the organs, many times, does not allow the time to reveal human worms, and assign an effective treatment.
In the process of the life of a parasite in the human body can highlight the harmful substances, occurs the scarcity of values of amino acids, other food components, and that causes the first symptoms of the disease (although this is not always the case) – allergic reactions in the skin, the deterioration of sleep, the gnashing of teeth, itching of the skin, loss of weight through increased appetite, disorders of the chair. In the analysis of blood may occur the increase of the content of eosinophils (a type of white blood cell).
The signals for
Signs of intestinal worms in humans vary in intensity, location in function of the stage of development of the disease, the organ affected, for example:
- dull pain in the stomach, a chair with a mixture of blood and wheezing in the lungs, the frequent lack of air, if you be amazed with light to ascariasis;
- pain in the pancreas, the liver, the violation of secretion, yellowness of the skin, pain in the joints, the neighborhood of the right atDryouRrd when opisthorchiasise;
- pain in the chest, inflammation, pleura slips, dry, notmotiveRBanny cough, inoperable, the allocation of mucous-purulent sputum, hemoptysis, bulging of the chest wall when equinococosee of the lung.
The treatment of intestinal worms in humans
The negative impact of non-commercial of strongest is reflected in pregnant women and children, especially in the context of malnutrition, vitamin deficiency. A prolonged absence of treatment causes a strong decrease of immunity to susceptibility, viral, contagious notдhavegandm, a strong trauma in the intestinal mucosa, goiter, anemia, and sometimes the development of carcinogenesis – the formation of a malignant tumor.
Medicines against intestinal worms
The most common method of treatment of intestinal worms in humans is induced by drugs. Tablets parasites contain special substances that the parasites have a high sensitivity. More often than for therapy of helmintíases recommend such medicines (the scheme and the duration of consumption only assigns a doctor).
The active ingredient of many medicines lEvameveryl, there are support components (starch, talc, povidone, and Dr.). The cost depends on the concentration of the active ingredient (50, 150 mg), the pricing policy of the manufacturer. The drug is eliminated from the body through 3-6 hours. The medicine is effective against Ascaris, roundworm, ancestry. In addition, you must have immunomodulatory effects.
There are medicines on the basis of the active substance Pyrantel. It negatively acts on the muscles the worms infest the human gut, causing paralysis and death of parasites. The medicine is effective against the mature forms, the nematodes in the early stage of development, but does not affect the larvae during the migration period. Often prescribe against worms, Ascaris, ancestry, roundworm, whipworm.
Folk remedies worms
Bring intestinal worms in humans is possible and, with the help of remedies. But it's worth being seen only as an additional method of treatment.
The grass of the worms
Are mixtures of herbs recommend taking as a tool for the treatment of intestinal worms. The effect of parasites has, for example, the harpsichord, the earth, the seeds of cumin, calendula, angelica chinese.
A sample recipe: mix in equal proportions of oak bark, buckthorn, PImhave. 1 h. l. collection pour 200 ml of boiling water and insist 2 hours. We are 1 St. l. 3 A. on the day.
Garlic is one of the most powerful natural remedies from the parasites. Due to the content of an organic compound, alliin, it blocks the muscle activity, parasites, violates their metabolic processes. The people juice recipes garlic, often add into teas, infusions for purifying of enemas.
Recipe: 300 g of garlic crushed and mixed with 500 g of honey, heat the water in the bath, but do not let it boil. Take 1 St. l. 3 A. on the day.
Pumpkin seeds and reinforce pRativoslandStNoah action of medicines, thanks to cucurbitina. A substance found in the film the grey. They nlaugh promotes the removal of worms from the mucosa of the intestine, accelerates the removal of parasites from the body. Is only effective against worms that are round. Doctors recommend not to use more than 300 g of seeds per day. Among the advisable to drink 1 h. l. castor oil. You can also grind, to separate кandpяhan integrated with water until the consistency of sour cream, and add honey to taste.
How to determine what is worms? When the diagnosis use different methods. Your choice depends on the symptomatology, the location and the type of parasite.
- The analysis of the feces, the eggs
- The analysis of blood
- The biopsy
- Other types of studies
Eggs of intestinal worms in humans, it is possible to determine in calais. For the diagnosis of Enterobius, million with ascaris more use this method. Biomaterial study in search of the identification of eggs, larvae of parasites. If necessary, spend konRoloruheckoe study, analyzing the consistency, color, presence of impurities, hydrates of carbon, the reaction of pH, connective tissue, the number of white blood cells, red blood cells and other indicators. This will give you the opportunity to evaluate the quality of the work of the gastrointestinal tract, samelhvyvodami of the system. Worms in the stools appear only when certain illnesses.
The method of "tape" are most often used for the diagnosis of enteRonбandonзand, a disease in which the causal agent is located in the intestine. To the decision of scraping of the peRandandнandlof covered folds near the anal opening in this area apply the velcro tape, which should be the eggs of the parasite. Scraping to do with the help of a cotton swab, moistened in фandзRandStinRe or glandцeRonle with peRandandнandlof covered folds. The cap is placed in a test tube, sterile, and explore the material under the microscope.
If necessary, the doctor prescribes biochemical analysis of blood for determination of enzyme specific, pigment gallstones. In some cases, can not do without andmmhaveнonфeRmeнtнongon research on the definition in the blood of antibodies inзбhaveдandtelYu a particular helmintíasea (IgM, Ig G), or ceRoloruheckoro mandRкeRнongon of the spectrum, to avoid acute, viral diseases, more often than hepatitis.
For the diagnosis of some parasitic diseases, such as, for example, equinococosea, tRandхandnotlleзand, opisthorchiasisa necessary to carry out the study of samples of tissue – a biopsy. Procedure is necessary for an objective assessment of the condition of the patient, stage of disease and the creation of a treatment regimen.
If necessary, to complete the diagnosis, the treatment correction use advanced methods of research:
- Ultrasound of the organs;
- sensing of the liver, biliary pathways microscopic examination of taken samples;
- computed, magnetic resonance imaging abdominal organs;
- ЭзonфandgongandStRonдhaveonдeнonскonpandя (EFGDS) – superior inspection departments of the intestinal tract with the help of a flexible tube with a video camera;
- electrocardiogram (ECG) – if there is a suspicion of lesions in the organ when, for example, opisthorchiasise.
Prevention of intestinal worms in humans
The neglect of simple recommendations, insane the sure that this affliction does not touch someone personally, it takes the heavy defeat of organs and can pose a serious threat to life (especially when the infection of tapes of pests).
As worms enter the human body
Helminths have many ways of infecting the man. More often than not the decisive factor leaves non-compliance with the rules of hygiene, lack of heat treatment of meat, of fish, the consumption of unwashed fruits, vegetables, herbs, fruits of the forest. After the ingestion of eggs or larvae can weeks to migrate through the body, and then, depending on the species, choose the local location of the digestive tract, muscle, liver, and Dr. Photo non-commercial you can find on the internet.
How to avoid infection by worms
Prevent the infestation of pests, you can only if you respect some rules of prevention:
- regular hand-washing, especially after contact with animals;
- the use only of meat, of fish, that has passed a stringent heat treatment;
- very cautious to the consumption of meat of animals of the forest, and the best – resignation;
- the thorough washing of vegetables, fruit, herbs, berries;
- the observance of rules of hygiene in the case of contamination of one of the members of the family.
Worms in the human body causing serious damage to health, cause the development of chronic diseases, and some can be fatal. To avoid dangerous infections you should always follow the rules of personal hygiene and the culture of consumption of meat products.